Burden of Proof is a more legal term used in a court of law. In criminal law the owness lies on the prosecutor to prove guilt. In a civil law court, the claimant has the responsibility to prove that a law has been broken.
When we write a blog more often than not, the burden of proof falls on the writer to justify why statements are made. If you think about it that is a big responsibility to accept.
When we have the courage to stand by our convictions or opinions, then we need to be base our arguments on sound evidence.
This can be done in 1 of 4 ways;
- Assertion- this is using a certain belief to prove an argument,
- Rational – this is by logic and structure,
- Verification -this is by using a hypotheses and prove it to be true or false IE Pros and Cons,
- Falsification – state that because something is true in one circumstance does not mean it true in all situations.
So you can see we have a number of tools to use when we put across our opinion to the reader.
Using Critical Thinking In Your Articles
Even if you disagree, critical thinking needs to be used, as a way of staying open and sensitive to any suggestions and arguments.
Critical thinkers will reserve personal judgment on an article.
Critical thinkers will also be fair-minded and recognize that if a message varies from their own views, it is not necessarily incorrect or flawed.
Critical thinkers remain open to changing their opinion on a matter when this is backed by logic and proof.
Intelligent thinkers want to learn what happens in a post. Critical thinkers ask the message questions and analyst it each in turn. Use sound logic and reasoning elements to dissect the topic.
Critical reflective people stop jumping to conclusions. Critical thinking people take the time to examine a message systematically. In their analyses, analytical thinkers use agreed parameters or conditions.
Critical thinkers are independent thinkers who raise questions in a post about what is happening around them. Clear thinking engages the audience and draws in people would like to read more and know more.
When behaving and making judgments critical thinkers are wise. Through their acts, critical thinkers are reactive. In other words, they don’t hop on the popular thoughts’ bandwagon only because it looks nice or everyone else does it.
Through the search for reality, critical thinkers have an ethical basis. Modern thinkers recognize that occasionally only the wisest can be mistaken.
Modern critical thinkers believe in the influence of logical reasoning and logic. Critical thinkers recognize that promoting and improving sound reasoning is in everyone’s best interest. Most significantly, critical thinkers value the ability to draw conclusions from others.
To understand listening, we must first understand the difference between listening and listening. Hearing refers to the physiological process of receiving sounds at its most basic, while listening refers to the psychological process of interpreting or sensing those sounds.
Every minute we are surrounded by hundreds of different sounds and noises. If we tried to make sense of each specific tone, we’d probably spend our day doing this. While we can hear all the sounds, we filter out others. They go through our lives without warning. However, other sounds leap to our consciousness’ forefront.
If we listen closely we can differentiate sounds. We do this every day without even thinking about the process. Unlike many other body processes, it occurs subconsciously.
Critical thinking involves receiving signals consciously. We need to reflect on what’s being said — and not said. We must not be disturbed by other external stimuli or the internal noise of our own preconceived ideas. We just need to take the message for the moment.
Listening is particularly difficult when the message is highly charged. Consider what happens when you try to tackle a divisive subject like abortion. When the other person speaks, you will need to have every to hear the entire point.
Nonetheless, when the person says something, you feel strongly about beginning to formulate a counter-argument in your head. The consequence may end up that both sides end up talking over each other without listening to what the other says.
Once we have listened to a message, we can begin to analyze it. In practice, we often begin analyzing messages while still listening to them. When we analyze something, we consider it in greater detail, separating out the main components of the message.
In a sense, we are acting like a surgeon on the message, carving out all the different elements and laying them out for further consideration and possible action.
We all have our individual truths, but only when target people agree a truth does it have any external value. This is how arguments develop on our family. It’s also how they can be solved. Healthy discussions without getting personal are the way we grow.
More recently my hope is that people with power will follow their better selves in putting forward their arguments. I know this is naive but, we have seen some of that here in the current crisis and hopefully some leaders will have learned that, if they govern for the general good, their place in history will be positive.
How are you going to structure your argument to make positive impact in you readers’ lives?
Which ever way it is, I would recommend it is a balanced argument.
A balanced argument is one that provides a full understanding of the issues involved, weighs their evidence carefully, and presents the best solution, in the form of a well written blog.
Our burden of proof is to prove that there are better alternatives or that there are not?
Remember that critical thinking is an active mode of thinking. Instead of just receiving messages and accepting them as is, we consider what they are saying. We ask if messages are well-supported. We determine if their logic is sound or slightly flawed.
When we enact critical thinking on a message, we engage a variety of skills including: listening, analysis, evaluation, inference and interpretation or explanation, and self-regulation.
That way the truth will be highlighted in your blog and hopefully make a positive difference to your reader.